História da contabilidade e o gênero feminino: o caso Anna Jansen, a rainha do maranhão (Sec. XIX)

Eliane Silva Sampaio, Delfina Rosa Rocha Gomes, Marcelo de Santana Porte

Resumen


Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar y comprender el papel de Anna Joaquina Jansen al frente de los negocios de la familia desde la perspectiva de la investigación de género en la historia de la contabilidad. Por lo tanto, la investigación transcurrió en el siglo XIX, teniendo como punto de partida el año de la boda de Anna Jansen con el Coronel Izidoro Pereira, 1822, terminándose en 1869, en el año de su muerte.

El marco teórico utilizado en la investigación se ha tomado de la literatura que explora los conceptos de género y de contabilidad, y también se considera el concepto de liberación procedente de esta relación, ya que la contabilidad como práctica social, es capaz de actuar como una herramienta emancipadora para el beneficio de los grupos sociales desfavorecidos. Este estudio tiene como fuentes principales los documentos manuscritos del siglo XIX, entre los cuales está el inventario de Anna Jansen, registros portuarios, así como las solicitudes dirigidas a D. Pedro II.
Mediante el análisis de los manuscritos y diarios de la época, se comprueba que Anna Jansen se convirtió en la dueña de una de las fortunas más grandes de la región después de haberse quedado viuda, y a través de esta fortuna ha alcanzado un lugar prominente en la sociedad de Maranhão. Su actuación representa una ruptura de paradigmas que tienden a anular la participación de las mujeres en las actividades políticas y económicas, y llevó a su reconocimiento como una mujer muy por delante del tiempo en que vivió. Aunque no se dispone de registros técnicos mantenidos por Anna Jansen durante su vida, se verifica a través de los documentos primarios analizados que poseía una gran habilidad para la gestión de sus propiedades y sus biene


Palabras clave


Género femenino; Emancipación; Historia de la Contabilidad; Período Colonial; Brasil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26784/issn.1886-1881.v14i26.306

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